As new innovations in technology continue to flourish at the age of Industry 4.0, companies need to adapt by improving their business performance through the utilization of these technologies. A number of technological innovations available to help companies become more competitive include artificial intelligence, virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR), robotics and sensors, as well as 3D Printing.
These technologies are only made possible by big data analytics which requires reliable data storage, data processing, and data distribution. Two options that are often considered as the most reliable solutions to meet these demands are cloud computing services and data centers.
Cloud computing services and data centers have the same function to store, process, and distribute data.
The difference lies in the implementation of data processing. Cloud computing processes data using a remote server network and allows businesses to access data online. While the data center processes and stores data on servers at a particular location or on-premise. The data is accessed through the company's local network which is managed by an in-house IT team. In other words, cloud computing is a remote version of the data center.
Setting up data center facilities alone might be costly for a company and not to mention the expenses incurred for maintenance.
In the meantime, companies have the option to use cloud computing services provided by a third-party service provider without having to build their own data centers. In this case, cloud computing service providers can also handle all matters related to maintenance, system updates, as well as data security.
Cloud Computing Services: Public, Private or Hybrid Cloud?
To adopt cloud computing services, companies need to consider various types of cloud computing such as public cloud, private cloud, or hybrid cloud.
Public cloud allows companies to save on operational costs because the provision of infrastructure and hardware is being shared with other customers. Another advantage is that companies can pay as they go, which means companies can be charged only for services that they use in the public cloud.
Furthermore, the public cloud also offers opportunities for collaboration with other parties. Companies can easily share the same devices, storage areas, and networks with their partners. In turn, the cost of facilitating the public cloud services can be shared and therefore boost cost efficiency in its implementation.
Meanwhile, the private cloud provides exclusive control over the access and processing of stored data. In this case, the company’s data can be stored securely. The services can be accessed through a private network using hardware and software that is only intended for one customer. Companies can also maximize the use of server capacity as needed.
Besides the two options above, the company also has a third option in adopting cloud computing, which is a hybrid cloud.
Hybrid cloud is a technology that combines the benefits of public cloud and private cloud services. It has the flexibility in data placement, ease in collaborating with other parties, more cost-effective, and better data security. With the hybrid cloud, companies can easily manage data storage between private and public clouds, for example, storing sensitive data in private clouds and non-sensitive data in the public cloud.
Because of these advantages, many companies have begun to adopt hybrid cloud technology to better cope with the current digital disruption. According to research from the United States company, 451 Research, 69 percent of companies have started to adopt a hybrid cloud in 2019.
All there alternatives (i.e., public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud) provide cloud computing solutions for companies with the objective to improve their business performance and leading the competition by utilizing big data analytics. In this context, cloud computing technology can be considered as a critical enabler for the industry.
Then, what about companies that require greater management of big data and higher levels of security but also need capable scalability? The best solution for companies with this need is the Hyperscale Data Center.
Global Trends in the Use of Hyperscale Data Centers
A recent survey conducted by Synergy states that the use of the Hyperscale Data Center continues to increase by 11 percent in 2018. As many as 430 Hyperscale Data Center facilities are available in the world today with hundreds of thousands of servers. In 2018, Hyperscale Data Center facilities were opened in 17 countries and the United States was at the top with 40 percent of the total Hyperscale Data Center development in the world. It was followed by China (8 percent), Japan (6 percent) and Britain (6 percent). As the trend continues to expand, it might be a good time for Indonesia to start adopting Hyperscale Data Center.
Hyperscale Data Center has the following advantages:
To cater to global business needs, Hyperscale Data Center has to be supported with comprehensive infrastructure specifications. Additionally, it also requires unlimited connectivity in order to optimally serve at least the domestic and regional customer needs.
Therefore, Hyperscale Data Center has the advantage to play a strategic role in catering for analyzing big data to achieve companies’ business objectives in the era of Industry 4.0.
TelkomMetra Group foresees a rise in cloud computing needs in the future. At the global and regional level (i.e., South East Asia), cloud computing needs will be directed more towards the use of Hybrid Cloud and Hyperscale Data Center.
In conclusion, cloud computing and data center are strategic services available that can be utilized to meet the needs of customers or companies in order to adapt to technological enhancements of today.